Cervical erosion is a pathological defect in the mucous layer of the cervix, caused by the release of columnar epithelium on the place stratified squamous different factors. Do not be afraid of this diagnosis, as erosion benign course in the cervical canal of women, which rarely can cause cancer processes.
In medicine there are several types of erosion of the cervical canal: - congenital characterized by the presence of columnar epithelium, which when viewed detected as a bright red round patch. This type of erosion occurs during adolescence and may suddenly somosaguas. - true erosion - deformation stratified squamous epithelium. During inspection it looks like a red spot with sharp edges with a size up to 1 cm around the opening of the cervix. This erosion has about 2 weeks, after that it is modified in the ectopia. The risk of cancer at this stage is low. - ectopia (pseudo) - a pathological process, which is the final replacement of squamous epithelium cells of columnar epithelium. If the inspection reveals a red area around the external OS, usually on the rear lip. Such erosion can exist for quite a long amount of time. But, basically, erosion does not disappear by itself without treatment. The risk of transformation of cervical cells is possible only with atypia (atypical cells construction, for example, inflammation that may develop a tumor). You also need to pay attention to women who have been diagnosed with the human papilloma virus (HPV 16, 18, 31, 33 types). These types have significant carcinogenic risk, and then increases the possibility of degeneration of cells in the tumor. The most common erosion is ectopia, so it requires careful observation and treatment. Consider the most frequent factors in the formation of cervical erosion: 1) This may be an early transition to sexual relations, or rather late. Rare intimate relationship and also a large number of partners. 2) infection of the reproductive organs and inflammatory diseases (chlamydia, gonorrhea, ureaplasmosis, a dysbacteriosis of a vagina, trichomoniasis, HPV). 3) Mechanical injuries received when abortion, childbirth and the various operational gynecological interventions. 4) Hormonal failure, which affects menstrual irregularity. Various endocrine diseases and weakening of the immune status.
The woman usually does not observe any signs of erosion. And this diagnosis can be detected only when visiting the gynecologist. But sometimes women come to the doctor, finding spotting immediately after sexual intercourse. Also patients reported pain during sex and mucus. The latter may indicate an inflammatory process, which will complicate the clinical course of the underlying disease. And oddly enough, the female tend to take these symptoms for thrush, menstrual flow, etc.
The treatment will depend on the type of erosion, from other inflammatory processes. But the true erosion and ectopia require unambiguous observation and treatment. Also it is not recommended to cauterize erosion during pregnancy, as the burning will reduce the tension and elasticity of the cervix. This procedure is better to spend after birth. In addition to the burning of various drugs and devices there are other types of treatment of erosion. But not to treat erosion, you can try to prevent its occurrence. The rule - gynecologist need to visit twice a year, then erosion will be noticed immediately, and the doctor will be able to appoint a timely treatment. Also follow the rules of personal hygiene - several times a day, take a shower, especially during menstruation. And watch your sex life, better and permanent partner, than a bunch of beautiful, but doubtful.