Cervical dysplasia - atypical changes that affect her vaginal part. Such violations can be attributed to the processes of pre-cancerous tumors. In the early stages of the disease is reversible, so the main way to prevent the development of cancer of the process is the timely detection of dysplasia and the adoption of measures aimed at elimination of its manifestations.
When dysplasia affected the cellular structure of tissues, which covered the cervix. This is its main difference from erosion resulting from mechanical injury of tissues. As a rule, dysplasia occurs in women aged 25 - 35 years.
Types of dysplasia
If cervical dysplasia disrupted the structure of the cells that make up the layers of the squamous epithelium. The epithelial cells become formless, large, in them there are a lot of cores. The separation of the epithelial layer disappears.
Depending on the number of affected layers of squamous cells distinguish the following degrees of cervical dysplasia:
The reason for the development of dysplasia of the uterine approximately 95-98% of patients is the defeat of oncogenic types of human papillomavirus. When staying in the squamous cells papillomavirinae infection can cause changes in their structure.
Confounding background factors contributing to the development of dysplasia are:
• passive and active tobacco Smoking;
• the presence of prolonged chronic inflammation of the genital organs;
• various hormonal disorders;
• early sexual activity;
• traumatic injuries.
Independent clinical cervical dysplasia usually does not. Approximately 10% of women, there is a latent period of the disease.
To dysplasia of the uterine very often joined by various microbial infections. They cause symptoms of cervicitis or vaginitis:
• discharge from the genital tract unusual consistency with an unpleasant odor or unusual color.
If cervical dysplasia pain are virtually absent. This disease is characterized by a long course, but also the ability to regress after treatment of inflammatory processes. Typically, the process of dysplasia is progressive course.
Often, cervical dysplasia accompanied by such diseases of the genital tract, as gonorrhoea, chlamydia, genital warts anus, vulva, vagina.
The method of treatment of cervical dysplasia doctor chooses depending on:
• the degree of dysplasia;
• age of the patient;
• the size of the affected area;
• associated diseases;
• intentions of the patient to maintain the function of procreation.
In the treatment of dysplasia in leading positions: methods of surgical intervention (destruction, comisaria, amputation) and immunostimulirutuyu therapy.
If a young patient detect dysplasia , or A degree is small, then, as a rule, the specialist offers to choose wait-and-see tactics, as they are likely independent of the regression of dysplasia. The problem of surgical treatment is decided positively only after repeated studies that confirm the existence of irreversible changes. Dysplasia of the THIRD degree requires surgeons oncologists of one of the surgical methods.