Causes, symptoms and diagnosis of anemia

Anemia is a decrease in normal levels of hemoglobin and erythrocytes (red blood cells, which are filled with the protein hemoglobin in the blood.

Anemia may occur as an independent disease and as a consequence of other diseases. Recommended by physicians to determine the cause of anemia mandatory, because the lack of hemoglobin may be the result of acute and chronic diseases, inadequate functioning of the brain, lack of vitamins, etc.

There are 3 main causes of anaemia:

Lack of folic acid and vitamin b in the body

The lack and deficiency

Cancer can also cause anaemia

A lack of folic acid and vitamin b

• Dietary deficiency of vitamins can develop anemia

• After gastritis, gastrectomy or diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

• Dysbacteriosis, bowel resection and destruction of the intestinal microflora

• Cirrhosis and other liver diseases

• Pregnancy

The lack and deficiency

Lack of iron causes damage to 90% of people and it becomes a frequent cause of lack of hemoglobin.

• Lack of iron in human nutrition

• Impaired absorption of vitamins and minerals

• In adolescence

• Pregnancy

• After menstruation


• Tumor

• Hematologic diseases

Symptoms of anemia

Common symptoms of anemia are: General malaise and weakness, frequent dizziness, pale skin, shortness of breath at the slightest exertion, palpitations.

In severe disease course, you may experience symptoms such as: brittle and deformed nails, frequent hair loss, eating, dry and scaly skin, taste change. These symptoms often occur at the lack of vitamin C.

When cancer can distinguish the following symptoms: jaundice, bleeding and soreness of the gums, krovoizliyaniya processes on the skin, bleeding from the nose and enlargement of the spleen.

At the first symptoms, you must consult a doctor to identify the level of hemoglobin. If hemoglobin level < 120 g/L.

Diagnosis: complete blood count in men and women and the clinical analysis of blood (expanded), the study of natural exchange glands, myelogram, if necessary: ultrasound of the spleen, kidneys, liver, uterus; endoscopic examination of the intestine and stomach.

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