Nutrition of the intervertebral discs occurs via percolation through the intervertebral tissue nutrients. The peculiarity of the structure of the spine is such that during the movement of the active nutrients in the tissue of the disc, while in a static position the intake of these substances slows down. The lifestyle of the modern man cannot ensure the continued mobility of the spine, which is the violation of the supply of nutrients intervertebral discs, which leads to their rapid deterioration and subsequently break.
On the other hand, excessive exercise, heavy physical labor also affect the condition of the spine. Work in a bent position, lifting weights, even a single exposure can cause herniation of the intervertebral disc, if the disc is worn.
Symptoms of herniated discs
In some cases, this violation is painless, as evidenced by numerous surveys of patients and detection they intervertebral hernia without pain. This is due to the fact that it is not always the nerve that runs through the channel of the drive tamamlama. Herniated disc of the lumbar spine often causes pain, because the discs of the lower section of wear out stronger, and the load are experiencing higher than the disks of the upper spine.
The main symptoms of herniated lumbar disc:
The patient develops severe back pain that goes down the leg or gives up (if the pain gives to a hand, this indicates the hernia in the upper division).
Also hernia in the lumbar spine indicate tingling pain in the lower back, buttocks, side thigh, numbness. Sometimes pain occurs once in the leg, and sometimes appears a few months after the onset of the disease.
If the pain is any of the above locations is exacerbated during coughing or sneezing, torso twists, bends, it is obvious symptoms of a hernia.
Should immediately consult doctor in case of obvious symptoms associated with weakness in the legs, urination or defecation, with numbness in the area of the perineum, the violation of the sensitivity of the feet, with instability of gait. These symptoms may indicate that the nerve root pinched or damaged. If you do not carry out treatment, you may experience neurological complications, disrupting the work of the organs of small pelvis, legs, and may even cause paralysis of the lower limbs.
How is it treated disc herniation in the lumbar spine?
The presence of a herniated disc does not imply that requires immediate treatment. In some cases, not complicated hernia treated symptomatically. The pain goes away after 3-4 weeks, and at this time it is recommended to use anti-inflammatory painkillers such as diclofenac. Limit should only exercise, and prolonged sitting and bed rest should not exceed 3 days, as long lying leads to reduction of drive power and recovery time may increase.
Epidural blockade can help with lack of efficacy of medicinal products. This method involves the introduction into the area of the hernia painkillers and hormones. Relief comes immediately after the shot. This procedure can be performed up to 3 times.
Read also: Protozoa of the intervertebral disc
If conservative treatment does not help, you may need surgical intervention. During the half-hour surgery using minimally invasive technologies hernia is removed and the patient is discharged after 1-2 days.