According to Der Standard, you can transform stem cells into any other. So ever will be mastered using them to replace damaged brain cells to treat Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease.
As recalled by the publication, in connection with the use of human embryos for obtaining stem cells for a long time existed ethical imperfection of stem cell research. However, a scientist from Japan the Signa Yamanaka managed to achieve a so-called induced pluripotent stem cells (iРS-cells), for which he was awarded the Nobel prize. Still to get iРS cells were used skin cells or blood, but recently the journal Nature Mеthоds published an article of the Chinese team, led by Bankina PEEM that to receive them, you can use the urine.
According to scientists, obtained in this way iРS cells transplanted into the brain of rats after four weeks they have acquired the shape and molecular properties corresponded to the neurons do not form tumors.