Bechterew's disease affects men aged 20 to 30 years. The development of this disease is due to genetic mutations. When ankylosing spondylitis revealed degenerative changes, occurring mainly in the sacral vertebrae and the intervertebral ligaments. With the development of the disease and the subsequent increase in the stiffness of the ligaments and excessive ossification, significantly hampered the movement. Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic inflammatory disease that causes pain in the spine. It is characterized by different intensity. This can occur both in light and in very severe form. A severe form of the disease leads to a significant limitation of mobility of the spine. The result is a silhouette of a man suffering from tilting forward. Ankylosing spondylitis can also affect other joints, and various organs.
The exact cause of ankylosing spondylitis is not known to this day. The disease is caused by several factors: genetic, environmental and immunological. The risk increases when among close relatives reported cases of this disease. This means that the development of the disease occurs on a genetic basis. The incidence of ankylosing spondylitis varies with different frequencies in different regions of the globe. Much more often than it affects men. The disease usually occurs at the end of the ripening period, as well as young people aged 17 to 35 years. Also have been diagnosed cases in children and the elderly. In Central Europe 0,3-0,5% of the population suffer from ankylosing spondylitis.
The first symptoms that occur in case of severe illness, rarely combined with degenerative disease. At the beginning of the disease, patients complain primarily to weakness, lack of appetite and General malaise. With the development of the disease, pain in Sacro-lumbar spine. The pain intensifies especially at night. In a more progressive form of the disease, the pain spreads to the chest and cervical spine. Draws attention to the fact that this disease often leads to relapse (iritis and uveitis). Bechterew's disease also causes diseases of the lungs, inflammation of the prostate gland and intestines, as well as the so-called amyloidosis or disease associated with the deposition of proteins in the body. Diagnosis of ankylosing spondylitis is carried out by various methods, one of the most effective methods is the MRI of the spine. Using this method, Bolen Bekhterev can identify at an early stage.
Full recovery from this disease, unfortunately, is not possible. There were very few cases in which Bechterew's disease regressed spontaneously. Some drugs are likely to inhibit the development of the disease. With proper treatment of ankylosing spondylitis can significantly reduce pain and improve the patient's quality of life.