As the intense heat changes the life in Siberia - mosquitoes, destroyed homes, headaches, very little fish

In addition to the warnings of climatologists who say that global warming is accelerating, the heat in Siberia is largely change everyday life. In Bergenske, one of the coldest villages in the world, it was 38 degrees, and in the village on the Arctic ocean, where rarely more than 11-13 degrees, it was +31 degrees. May was the warmest in 140 years of measurements in Siberia, and June brought a lot of records. In these conditions, everyday life changes.

Siberia used to big temperature fluctuations, and it is not the norm, when the day is 20 degrees Celsius in the summer or the temperature drops below 0 in July. But this year the weather is always changing. May also brought the temperature more than 20 degrees above normal, and June and July continued to break records.

In Verkhoyansk, a village with 1,300 inhabitants in Yakutia, the rate of +38 degrees was at a time when the rate was 13 degrees. Village Oymyakon is the coldest village in the world, and it is fine, when in June there are frosty nights. This year, on the contrary, there were nights when minima did not fall below +15 +16 degrees.

What has changed? Local residents say that mosquitos are much larger and some plants bloomed a month earlier. Even in Yakutsk, the coldest city in the world, was 32 degrees. People put on the Windows with blankets, Newspapers or the reflective film, and the number of people suffering from headaches and skin irritations, increases.

Another problem is that fishermen catch less fish because the water is abnormally warm, and the fish goes to the bottom to find cooler water to survive. Less fish means less money for fishermen and less food.

A wave of heat caused the ice to melt much faster, and lakes that were frozen until the beginning of June, thawed in early may. In a region without roads and with a very small number of bridges in winter, transportation is easier, passing over frozen lakes and rivers that can be crossed on the ice (e.g., Lena or Aldan).

The immediate effect of incredible heat can be seen in forest fires: in the past year, these fires burned an area of 100 000 km2 in Siberia, and this year all the data shows that it will be worse, especially because it has not rained in quite some time. The air becomes heavy, taiga is burning.

As a result of macroeffects melting ice in the Northern regions will allow trading ships to pass several months a year through places that otherwise would be impossible to cross.

Unusual temperatures accelerate the melting of permafrost, permanently frozen soil, which is present in almost all the surface of Siberia. Many homes in Siberia are built on poles so as not to collapse due to the melting of permafrost. But in the last two years because of the intense heat the permafrost melted with great speed that led to the collapse of some buildings and other cracking and damage to some roads and flooding of some areas, and rapid erosion of river banks. In the short term, the budget of the small settlements will be burdened by the necessity to eliminate the worst of the damage, while other areas remain without allocated funds.

At the beginning of June in the industrial city of Norilsk, a well-known industrial giant Norilsk Nickel, the fuel tank collapsed, which led to serious pollution in the Arctic. That worsened the already-difficult environmental situation

Heat wave was everywhere in the Arctic in Scandinavia was over 30 degrees, in the European part of Russia 32 degrees in the far North, and in Canada, 21 degrees at the weather station, which rarely was more than 6 - 8 degrees during this period.

In addition to the global effects of these thermal anomalies, the Arctic has warmed twice as fast than the rest of the planet, and the people there feel most of the changes every day.

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