Anxiety and anxiety is natural for people of all ages - new appointment, illness or hazard cause us some concern, but these feelings on a regular basis have a negative impact on health and social relationships. However, about 20 per cent of older people experiencing anxiety and concern, even anxiety, on an ongoing basis. Anxiety is the most common mental illness among women, and is in second place after the use of psychotropic substances among men.
Unfortunately for a number of reasons older people with anxiety disorders often do not receive proper treatment. Some suffered from anxiety all my life and consider it the norm. Constant anxiety can lead to cognitive impairment, poor physical health, and even disability. Fortunately, anxiety is treatable through therapy and prescription medication.
A cause of anxiety disorder can be a sense of fear or anxiety, disproportionate or extended to the situation. There are several type of anxiety disorders? which occur in the elderly.
Specific phobias. This is an intense irrational fear of the event or things that really much of a threat is not present. For example, fear of closed spaces, spiders, flying, escalators and many other things. Often older people are afraid of death, accident, family and dentists. The collision caused fears can cause panic attacks and even chest pain.
Social phobia. Social anxiety disorder is manifested in excessive anxiety in everyday social situations. Some elderly people are embarrassed appearance of their illness or shy to confuse the name, this type of phobia hinders communication, because they start to worry about the upcoming meeting and to survive after it.
General anxiety disorder. People with this disorder suffer from increased anxiety for any occasion - any problems in the family, the possibility of an accident and other far-fetched reasons. Such people are very hard to relax, often have problems with sleep.
Post-traumatic stress disorder. This type of anxiety develops after a traumatic event, which is associated with physical damage or danger to loved ones. Stress disorder occurs after a robbery, rape, accidents, natural disasters or war. After the events of psychological symptoms last from several months to several years, the individual can be injured to 30 years. People with this injury may lose interest in their favorite things and move away from friends, he may be irritability or aggression. Vivid memories of the trauma can torture people in recurring dreams.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder. This type of disorder is not very common among older people. It is expressed in constant ritual repetition of certain actions - the arrangement of things in a certain order, the recalculation of things, constant checking everything's still there. Some disorders are expressed in adherence to symmetry.
Panic disorder. People with this disorder are experiencing persistent bouts of fear, increased heartbeat, chest pain, sweating, weakness, dizziness. Panic attacks can happen even during sleep. An elderly person may experience a panic attack and take it for a heart attack.
For people in the age of constant anxiety negatively affects health. Anxiety can cause memory impairment, cause amnesia, and significantly reduce quality of life. For anxiety disorder cause injury or severe stress, bereavement or prolonged grief, high doses of caffeine or alcohol, neurodegenerative disorders, family history of anxiety disorders can also increase the chances of encountering anxiety.
For anxiety also provide General concerns about aging, many older people are afraid of weakness, inability to pay for treatment, loneliness and death. It is important to know the signs of anxiety disorder, in time to take measures for its treatment.
How to treat anxiety disorder?
If you suspect your relative anxiety disorder, will persuade him to see a doctor, only the joint work of the psychologist and the patient will help to alleviate the symptoms or cure the disease.
Treatment options may be several: treatment, antistress treatment, social assistance or medical methods. Only a psychiatrist can determine what type of treatment is preferable for an individual patient.
Drugs can't cure anxiety, but will keep it under control while the person is attending therapy. Medication must be prescribed by a psychiatrist, but this treatment should not stop, it is important to start therapeutic. Most commonly prescribed antidepressants, depressants and beta-blockers.
Antidepressants alter the work of the chemistry of the brain, in order to make them work, you need to take them long enough, because they begin to work only with the fourth week.
Anti-stress drugs, Ancelotti represent sedatives quick action. But be careful, they can cause memory loss and problems with coordination. Such drugs are prescribed for short-term effect, with a sharp termination of the adoption of these funds may be symptom of cancellation.
Beta-blockers reduce anxiety, reducing the physical symptoms of nervousness.
Treatment of anxiety therapy includes professional psychotherapy with a psychologist, psychiatrist or social workers, the patient must reach the cause of the disorder and to cope with it. The therapist will teach patients to cope with fears, to find positive ways out of the situation, teach relaxation techniques and deep breathing.
To relieve the tension, patients can also talk with your family members on urgent topics, practice techniques stress management - meditation, prayer. A well-organized physical exercises, it is important to avoid reinforcing the anxiety of things - caffeine, chocolate, carbonated beverages, nicotine, overeating, some herbal supplements and of course alcohol.
If you suspect that one of your senior loved ones affected by anxiety, you should not worry with them. On the contrary, be calm and reliable, encourage any public activity, give all possible assistance to desire to consult a doctor.