Anemia during pregnancy - causes, symptoms, treatment

Expectant mothers often carelessly relate to pregnancy, do not understand the seriousness of their situation. They cause irritation and resentment, the need for regular visits to the gynecologist and delivery of the planned analyses. However, these measures allow us to monitor the health of the pregnant woman, and child development. If you follow all the recommendations of experts, the pregnancy will cause no complications, and in due time the light will have another healthy baby.

Unfortunately, not always it turns out to remain in good health during all nine months of pregnancy. At least polyvine the female population of our country had to fight with anemia during pregnancy. Why is this disease so "likes" expectant mothers?

Anemia in pregnancy is a serious disease that is characterized by a significant reduction in blood of human red blood cells responsible for transporting oxygen. Anemia is a General analy blood test shows low hemoglobin. This disease entails serious consequences for both the expectant mother and her unborn child. Often, anemia leads to the formation of edema, fainting, complicated by toxemia in the second half of pregnancy, preeclampsia, premature birth, birth fetal anemia and other serious consequences, so you should not try to evade responsibility and to close one's eyes to a low level of hemoglobin.

Pregnant anemia occurs with varying degrees of intensity. Normal hemoglobin for women should be about 120 - 160 g/L. However, with anemia, it may fall to 115, 90, 80 g/l or even lower. It turns out that anemia in a latent form develops in more than 80% of women of childbearing age. However, most often develops iron anemia. This is because very often the female body iron loses and constantly loses it (during menstruation takes from 1 to 50 mg of iron or more). Because daily with food in the female organism receives no more than 20 mg of iron, its normal level is restored only at the end of the menstrual cycle.

During pregnancy this streamlined process can be tangible failure. The amount of blood in the mother's body increases, and blood cells simply do not have time for sharply increased plasma volume. Because of this, and anemia. Anemia also contribute: decline in iron, a violation of his absorption, toxicity, frequent or multiple pregnancy, presence of chronic diseases, seasonality (spring and autumn acutely).

Sometimes, a pregnant woman learns about anemia only after decoding the doctor put her blood. However, the sooner will the disease is identified, the easier it is to cope with it and the less problems it will bring in the future. Is suspicious, if during pregnancy has started to receive the following characteristic symptoms: shortness of breath, weakness, fainting, dizziness, brittle nails, hair loss, yellow triangle in the nose, palms, cracks in the corners of the mouth, the desire to smell the sharp odor or eat chalk, sudden bowel movements, urination, low blood pressure, heart failure. To exclude or diagnose anemia only when passing a medical examination. If at least one of the above symptoms was found, you should immediately consult a doctor to confirm the diagnosis. If the specialist will identify pregnant anemia, it will be assigned to a specific course of treatment.

Many expectant mothers shows the required prevention of anaemia in the first trimester. At risk: women who formerly suffered from anemia, suffering from chronic diseases (hepatitis, pyelonephritis), after the third pregnancy, or with a slight interval between them, if before pregnancy hemoglobin was 120 g/L. All these women should be required in the early stages of pregnancy to get profilaktichekskie treatment.

Read also: Pregnancy and childbirth: a survey before and during pregnancy

Typically, anemia not requiring hospitalization. After receiving the analyses of the patient, the doctor-gynecologist can prescribe treatment itself, without consultation with other professionals. Anemia prescribe special medications (ferriero, Berrocal, veraplex, mangiferin, conferon), balanced diet. Anemia requires a serious and long-term treatment, which includes a range of statutory measures. A woman should carefully monitor your health not only during pregnancy, but in the postpartum period, because the risk of anemia after birth of the child also cannot be ruled out.

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